What is Supracondylar fracture in Children? Types,Indications and Complications

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What is Supracondylar fracture in Children? Types,

Indications

Complications

What is Supracondylar Fracture in Children?

What is Supracondylar fracture of children?
Most common fracture around the elbow in children and it is usually result fall out starched hand.It can be divided into extension 97% and flexion 3%.


Extension type:


Type 1: Fracture is undisplaced
Type 2:Fracture angulated posteriorly but remains intact
Type 3: Fracture completely displaced with overlapping fragments


Indications for Open Reduction:


• If closed reduction failed
• If there is vascular injury


Complications:

  1. Vascular injury(Brachial artery)
  2. Nerve Injury ( Radial, Ulnar, Median)
  3. Volkmann ischemic fracture
  4. Malunion
  5. Un-union

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