Medical Physics Guidelines for Second year (DPT Students)

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Medical Physics Guidelines for Second year (DPT Students)


MEDICAL PHYSICS GUIDELINES


* Recommend book is Clayton’s edition 7 (few topics merely 2 or 3 you have to cover from edition 9 Clayton and jagmohan

* No Viva in prof of this subject

* Marks distribution is 45 marks mcqs , 45 marks seq and 10 marks internal = 100 Marks total


NOTE : 

  1. All the page number I will mentioned below will be from book Clayton’s edition 7 .
  2. Open dpt curriculum of Medical physics and then see the below guidelines,u will get everything more clear

Topic 1 : Electricity and Magnetism

According to past papers and TOS

From this chapter only (3 MCQS and NO seq )

  1. Structure of atom , on page 4 (just read for mcqs not imp )
  2. Electrons theory, conductor and insulator , on page 8 and 9 ( just read for mcqs not imp )
  3. Conduction and Convection , on page 246 ( imp Topic learn properly)
  4. Displacement Current , on page 79 ( imp topic , prepare well )

Topic 2 : Static Electricity

According to past papers and TOS

From this chapter only (2 MCQS and 1 SEQ )

* Charging by conduction and induction, on page 10 ( memorize it’s defi along with it’s diagram and mechanism, often ask in exam)

* Electrostatic field, on page 12 ( give solid read ,defi + diagram fig. 5 and read wht written on page 13 , imp )

* Capacitor, Type of capacitors , constructions and units , on page 77 and 81( imp topic , do properly , specially defi and construction)

* Arrangement of Capacitors in series and parallel , on page 88 ( v imp )

* charging and discharging of capacitors, on page 84 ( VVVV IMP SEQ , DON’T SKIP )

* Oscillating discharge of capacitors, on page 87 ( do along with it’sdigram)

Topic 3 : Current Electricity

According to past papers and TOS

From this chapter only (4 MCQS and 1 SEQ )

* Ohm’s law , on page 21 ( VVV IMP)

* Electrical components and their units

* Resistance, on page 19 ( imp give a good read to topic )

* Types of Resistance, units , on page 22 ( VVVV IMP ,it’s formula, diagram everything, DON’T SKIP this topic )

* Chemical effects of a current, on page 42 ( read all , At cathode at anode )

* Types of currents

– cells and batteries ( will attach picture below )

*  Dry , wet lachlaamche cell ( will attach picture below )

* Simple voltage cell ( will attach picture below )

* Combination of cells in series and parallel , on page 47 ( imp topic , prepare well)

* Thermal effects of current , on page 31 ( joules law is imp in this topic and formula = I^2 Rt joules and one calories of heat is produced by 4.2 joules of work

* Electrolysis and Electrolytic burn , on page 40 (just read , if required i will send u my hand written notes of few topics )

* Ionization of gases and thermionic emission, on page 245 ( imp )

* Electronic tube , on page 89

* Diodes and triodes , on page 89 , 91 ( VV IMP , memorize along with it’s diagram)

 

 

Topic 4 : Electromagnetism

According to past papers and TOS

From this chapter only (4 MCQS and 1 SEQ )

* Molecular Theory , on page 49 ( only read )

* Magnetic effects of an electric current, on page 53 (imp )

* Moving coil voltmeter and Ammeter, on page 58 ,56 ( give good read )

– Moving iron types , hot wire type and thermocouple type Meter.

* Measurements of high frequency and alternating current with Meters , on page 60 ( only read )

* Electromagnetic induction, on page 62 ( VV IMP)

* Faraday’s law and lenzlaw , on page 64 , 65 ( V IMP DEFI )

* Mutual and Self induction, on page 66 ( VVV IMP ) it’s either difference ask or defi

* Eddy current, on page 67 ( imp defi )

* Transformer, on page 68 ( VVV IMP TOPIC , DON’T SKIP , and memorize whole topic )

* Construction and types , on page 68 , 74, 75 ( imp do all)

* Static and Auto transformer, on page 74, 75 ( draw it’s diagram in paper too)

* Dynamo construction , on page 68 (only read )

* A.C and D.C dynamo , on page 68 ( read )

Topic 5 : Electro Mechanics

According to past papers and TOS

From this chapter only (3 MCQS and NO SEQ )

* Current for treatment

* Rectification , on page 97 ( give good read )

– Rectification of AC

* Half wave and full wave rectification, on page 97 ( give good read )

* Value Rectification circuits and metal rectifier, on page 95 ( read )

* Surging of current ( this topic given in past paper book , only seq come from this topic or either no seq come , just mcqs )

– Lewis surger and value surger

* Reverser ( past papers )

Topic 6 : Classification of currents

V VVV IMP chap

According to past papers and TOS

From this chapter only (9 MCQS and 2 SEQ )

Major portion of paper comes from this topic

Everything is imp in these Current chap so atleast read all once

 

LOW FREQUENCY CURRENT

* Sinusoidal current , on page 120 , 140 (imp)

* Faradic current , on page 117 , 137 (imp)

For both consult pages 141, 146, 155 and 159

* Galvanic Current ( constant and interrupt) on page 160

* Diadynamic current TENS , I will send picture below ( IMP TOPIC TENS )

* Small bristow faradic coil , on page 117 ( only read )

 

MEDIUM FREQUENCY CURRENT

* Interferential current

* Russian current

HIGH FREQUENCY CURRENT  chap # 17

* Values , on page 89 (read)

* Transistor, on page 96 (imp)

* Long wave , medium wave , short wave , microwave , on page 328 (read)

 

Topic 7 : Safety in biomedical instruments

Chap 10 shock is VVV IMP don’t skip

According to past papers and TOS

From this chapter only (4 MCQS and 1 SEQ )

* Pervasiveness of Electricity and of electric shocks, on page 123 ( imp )

* Causes of electric shocks and precaution, on page 125 ( VVVV IMP , repeatedly ask SEQ )

* Effects of electric current on human body , on page 123 ( imp)

* Techniques to reduce the effect of electric shock , on page 124 ( imp)

* Earth shock and precaution against Earth shock, on page 125 to 127 ( VVVV IMP , repeatedly ask SEQ memorize properly)

Topic 8 : Radiation and Protection

According to past papers and TOS

From this chapter only (3 MCQS and NO SEQ )

* Ionizing and non ionizing radiation, I did this topic from Google as I didn’t find in edition 7 , 9 and jagmohan

Topic 9 : Sound Wave , CHAP # 24 ( On page 316 )

According to past papers and TOS

From this chapter only (4 MCQS and 1 SEQ )

* Wave motion in sound

* Infrasonic

* Normal hearing band

* Characteristics of the sound and their velocities

* ultrasonic

* Reflection and Refraction of sound waves

* Characteristics of time resonance and beats

* interference of sound waves

  • All the topic mentioned above is from chap 24 so do that chap , read comp chap and most imp topics are , reflection, transmission defi and diagram of refraction of ultra sonic wave , absorption defi , PRODUCTION OF ULTRA SONIC WAVE VVVV IMP SEQ have to write as it is in exam,

* physiological and therapeutics effects , uses , contraindications , methods of application, techniques of application these are imp of all the chaps

NOTE : DONT SKIP PHYSIOLOGICAL AND THERAPEUTICS EFFECTS ( it’s IMPPP of all chaps )

Topic 10 : HEAT , Chap # 19

* Scales of temp and it’s conversion to other scales , on page 243

* Nature of heat energy, on page 244

* Specific heat and three modes of heat energy transfer effects of impurities on melting amd boiling points , on page 246

Imp are latent heat on page 245 defi, thermionic emission on page 245 , transmission of heat conduction and Convection on page 246, radiant energy defi and wavelength, velocity and frequency relation on page 247

* V VVVVV IMP SEQ , DONT SKIP Repeatedly ASK Q is Electromagnetic spectrum you have to draw and also memorize it’s wavelength and in a same sequence as mentioned in book bczalot of mcqs come and also pet seq have to draw bs and write those 6 points

* Refraction and reflection defi and diagram imp

* Total internal reflection, on page 255 v v imp draw it’s diagram too

* Inverse square law , VV V IMP it’s defi ,on page 258

Topic 11: Electromagnetic Radiation

V VV IMP TOPIC , major portion of paper comes from this topic too along with currents topic

According to past papers and TOS

From this chapter only (9 MCQS and 2 SEQ )

 

Every topic I will mention below is IMP

– Electromagnetic Spectrum , on page 248

– Relationship between frequency and wavelength, on page 247

– law of reflection, Refraction and absorption, on page 254

– Total internal reflection, on page 255

Cosine law and inverse square law , on page 256 and 257

– concave and convex mirros, lens and prisms, reflectors see their pictures and read 1 ,1 line about them from Google bcz this topic is not mentioned in any of three books but mentioned in out curriculum

– Radio waves ( long , medium, short microwave) ,on page 328

– Infrared rays , CHAP 20 COMP , start from page 259

Imp are :

*Wavelength

*D/f b/w Non luminous and luminous generators

* Physiological effects imp

* Therapeutics effects and uses imp

* Techniques of irradiation

* Dangers of infrared irradiation ( VVV IMP ask repeatedly)

* Contraindications (VVV IMP ask repeatedly)

 

– visible rays and X rays  do this topic from Google mentioned in our curriculum but not present in any of recommend book , or do it from ur class notes

– ULTRA VIOLENT RAYS , comp chap 21 IMP chap

Starting from page 21

Most importantly do following topics and read others too

* Wavelength

* Kromayer lamp

* Mercury vapour lamp

* Erythema , table 6.1 standard doses of UV , V VV IMP SEQ it’s given in Clayton’s edition 9 page 186 ,table 6.1 I will send it’s picture below too for those who don’t have this edition

* Seq imp 6 types of skin , on page 189 of Clayton’s edition 9 , I will send it’s picture below for those who don’t have this edition.

 

I covered every topic mentioned in our curriculum so just memorize the topic as mentioned along with it’s pages some are more imp and ask repeatedly do those pretty well and others just read and also don’t skip physiological and therapeutics effects of uses of any chap in which they are mentioned

SYLLABUS OF MP

  1. Electricity and Magnetism
  2. Static Electricity
  3. Current electricity
  4. Electromagnetism
  5. Electro mechanics
  6. Classification of current

         – high frequency current

         – medium frequency current

         – low frequency current

  1. Sound waves
  2. Heat
  3. Electromagnetic radiations
  4. Safety in biomedical instruments
  5. Radiation protection

There’s is NO VIVA of medical physics

Only 100 Marks ka written papers hona,  u guys are pretty familiar with this 100 Marks distribution.

Out of all above syllabus

– Classification of current is v imp 2 seq anay prof mn

– Electromagnetic radiations mnsy b 2 seqs anay

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